6th Grade

Read about the Sixth Grade Curriculum.


The New York State Standards guide English Language Arts instruction in the Franklin Square Schools. The curriculum emphasizes the connection among reading, writing, listening, and speaking.

As listeners and readers, students will collect facts and ideas; discover relationships, analyze information, relate literature to their own lives, and use oral and written language for effective social communication.

As speakers and writers, students will use oral and written language to acquire, apply and transmit information; for self-expression, artistic creation, and to present opinions and make judgments.


  • Read to collect and interpret data, facts, and ideas
  • Distinguish between fact and opinion
  • Identify information that is implied rather than stated
  • Recognize how new information is related to prior knowledge of experience
  • Recognize how the author uses devices such as simile, metaphor, and personification to create meaning
  • Identify the ways in which characters change and develop throughout a story
  • Compare characters in literature to people in own lives
  • Evaluate information, ideas, opinions, and themes in texts by identifying
  • Use established and personal criteria to analyze and evaluate the quality of ideas and information in text
  • Recognize how one’s own point of view contributes to forming an opinion about information and idea


  • Use at least three sources of information with appropriate citations to develop reports
  • Take notes to record and organize relevant data,facts, and ideas
  • State a main idea and support it with details and examples
  • Compare and contrast ideas and information among two or three sources
  • Write original imaginative texts
    • Create a lead that attracts the reader’s interest
    • Provide a title that interests the readers
    • Develop characters, create a setting, and establish a plot
    • Use examples of literary devices such as rhythm, rhyme, simile, and personification
    • Use vocabulary to create a desired effect
  • Write interpretive essays, in order to:
    • Summarize the plot
    • Describe the characters and how they change
    • Describe the setting and recognize its importance to the story
    • Draw a conclusion about the work
    • Interpret the impact of literary devices such as simile and personification
  • Respond to literature, connecting the response to personal experience
  • Use strategies such as note taking, semantic webbing or mapping, and outlining to plan and organize writing
  • Use supporting evidence from text to evaluate ideas, information, themes, or experiences
  • Use information and ideas from other subject areas and personal experiences to form and express opinions and judgments


Listen in order to:

  • Follow instructions which provide information about a task or an assignment
  • Identify essential details for note taking
  • Distinguish different genres, such as story, biography, poem, or play
  • Identify characters’ motivation
  • Form an opinion on a subject based on information, ideas, and themes
  • Use prior knowledge and experiences in order to more fully evaluate and analyze content of presentations


Speak in order to:

  • Ask probing questions
  • Interview peers
  • Share information from personal experience
  • Share information from a variety of texts
  • Synthesize and paraphrase information
  • State a main idea and support it with facts, details, and examples
  • Compare and contrast information
  • Make connections between sources of information
  • Present original works such as stories, poems, and plays to adults and peers
  • Connect a personal response to literature to prior experiences or knowledge
  • Express an opinion or a judgment about information, ideas, opinions, themes, and experiences in books, essays, articles, and advertisements


The goal of our math program is to develop problem solving and reasoning abilities, and computational abilities. With an emphasis on thinking skills, the 6th grade curriculum will incorporate the following topics and skills:

  • Read and write whole numbers to trillions
  • Define and identify the commutative and associative properties of addition and multiplication
  • Define and identify the distributive property of multiplication over addition
  • Define and identify the identity and inverse properties of addition and multiplication
  • Define and identify the zero property of multiplication
  • Understand the concept of rate
  • Express equivalent ratios as a proportion
  • Distinguish the difference between rate and ratio
  • Solve proportions using equivalent fractions
  • Verify the proportionality using the product of the means equals the product of the extremes
  • Read, write, and identify percents of a whole (0% to 100%)
  • Solve percent problems involving percent, rate, and base
  • Define absolute value and determine the absolute value of rational numbers (including positive and negative)
  • Locate rational numbers on a number line (including positive and negative)
  • Order rational numbers (including positive and negative)
  • Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators
  • Multiply and divide fractions with unlike denominators
  • Multiply and divide mixed numbers with unlike denominators
  • Identify the multiplicative inverse (reciprocal) of a number
  • Represent fractions as terminating or repeating decimals
  • Find multiple representations of rational numbers (fractions, decimals, and percents 0 to 100)
  • Evaluate numerical expressions using order of operations (may include exponents of two and three)
  • Represent repeated multiplication in exponential form
  • Represent exponential form as repeated multiplication
  • Evaluate expressions having exponents where the power is an exponent of one, two, or three
  • Estimate a percent of quantity (0% to 100%)
  • Justify the reasonableness of answers using estimation (including rounding)

Algebra Strand

  • Translate two step verbal expressions into algebraic expressions
  • Use substitution to evaluate algebraic expressions (may include exponents of one, two and three)
  • Translate two step verbal equations into algebraic equations
  • Solve and explain two step equations involving whole numbers using inverse operations
  • Solve simple proportions within context
  • Evaluate formulas for given input values (circumference, area, volume, distance, temperature, interest, etc.)

Geometry Strand

  • Calculate the length of corresponding sides of similar triangles, using proportional reasoning
  • Determine the area of triangles and quadrilaterals (squares, rectangles, rhombi, and trapezoids) and develop formulas
  • Use a variety of strategies to find the area of regular and irregular polygons
  • Determine the volume of rectangular prisms by counting cubes and develop the formula
  • Identify radius, diameter, chords ad central angles of a circle
  • Understand the relationship between the diameter and radius of a circle
  • Determine the area and circumference of a circle, using the appropriate formula
  • Calculate the area of a sector of a circle, given the measure of a central angle and the radius of the circle
  • Understand the relationship between the circumference and the diameter of a circle
  • Identify and plot points in all four quadrants
  • Calculate the area of basic polygons drawn on a coordinate plane (rectangles and shapes composed of rectangles having sides with integer lengths)

Measurement Strand

  • Measure capacity and calculate volume of a rectangular prism
  • Identify customary units of capacity (cups, pints, quarts, and gallons)
  • Identify equivalent customary units of capacity (cups to pints, pints to quarts, and quarts to gallons)
  • Identify metric units of capacity (liter and milliliter)
  • Identify equivalent metric units of capacity (milliliter to liter and liter to milliliter)
  • Determine the tool and technique to measure with an appropriate level of precision: capacity
  • Estimate volume, area, and circumference (see figures identified in geometry strand)
  • Justify the reasonableness of estimates
  • Determine personal references for capacity

Statistics and Probability Strand

  • Develop the concept of sampling when collecting data from a population and decide the best method to collect data for a particular question
  • Record data in a frequency table
  • Construct Venn diagrams to sort data
  • Determine and justify the most appropriate graph to display a given set of data (pictograph, bar graph, line graph, histogram, or circle graph)
  • Determine the mean, mode and median for a given set of data
  • Determine the range for a given set of data
  • Read and interpret graphs
  • Justify predictions made from data
  • List possible outcomes for compound events
  • Determine the probability of dependent events
  • Determine the number of possible outcomes for a compound event by using the fundamental counting principle and use this to determine the probabilities of events when the outcomes have equal probability



Instruction in our schools employs a “hands-on” discovery approach to science that promotes the implementation of the scientific method. The science curriculum encourages students to think critically and reason scientifically.  The science program presents in-depth exploration of three areas: Life Science, Physical Science and Earth Science. Topics for the sixth grade program include:

  • Earth Science 
    • Plate Tectonics 
    • Rocks and Minerals 
    • Reshaping Earth's Surface
    • Earth's Resources
    • Climate and Weather
  • Physical Science 
    • Matter 
    • Building Blocks of Matter 
    • Forces and Motion
  • Life Science 
    • Cells 
    • Reproduction 
    • Body Systems 
    • Plants
  •  Healthy Bodies
    • Protecting Ourselves From Disease
  • The Changing Earth
    • Theory of plate tectonics
    • The movement of continents
    • The formation of mountains
    • Earthquakes and volcanoes
  • Oceanography
    • Contents and properties of ocean water
    • Features and exploration of the ocean floor
    • Currents, waves, and tides
    • Resources from the ocean
    • Ocean pollution



Our goals are to develop healthy living habits and to provide children with information they need to prevent injury and/or abuse to themselves and others. In 6th grade, the learning experiences will include:

  • Understanding that individuals can protect their own health and safety
  • Practicing safety procedures regarding fire and electricity
  • Developing healthy, responsible values and attitudes related to substance abuse (drugs, alcohol, tobacco)
  • Project Pride with police department
  • Recognizing the elements of good health (proper nutrition, adequate rest, and exercise)
  • Understanding the human life cycle
  • Understanding the defenses of the immune system
  • Learning to reduce health risk factors
  • Developing an awareness of Immune System Disorders (AIDS)


As part of our District Adolescent Growth and Development Program, the 6th grade students will be viewing an educational film to teach them about the following New York State Health standards:

  • Anatomy of the reproductive organs
  • The physical changes that occur during puberty
  • The emotional issues associated with the onset of puberty
  • Good health and hygiene

If you do not want your child to be included in the Adolescent Growth and Development Program, please notify your child’s teacher.


The grade six social studies program emphasizes the interdependence of all people, keying on the Eastern Hemisphere.

The grade six program focuses on a social science perspective emphasizing the interaction of geography and economics. The core disciplines of geography and economics are used to develop and draw relationships and understandings about social/cultural, political, and historic aspects of life in the Eastern Hemisphere. Historical insights are used as a means of developing a total perspective rather than an organizing framework.


  • Snapshot of the Eastern Hemisphere Today
    • Geography and Climate
      • Maps and other geographic representations
      • Political boundaries and regions
    • Governments and Political Systems
      • Political Rights and Civil Liberties
      • Documents that define values, beliefs, and principles of constitutional democracy
      • Struggle for rights
    • Economic Systems
      • Standard of Living
      • Level of Technology
      • Interdependence – implications for all countries
  • History of Eastern Hemisphere Nations Key turning points and events in the history of the Eastern Hemisphere can be organized into different historical time periods.
    • Early Civilizations (Mesopotamia, Egypt)
    • Greek and Roman Civilizations
    • Middle Ages
    • Renaissance


Students in the Franklin Square Schools are provided with opportunities to experience learning activities outside the regular classroom. In coordination with classroom topics, these special area classes enrich learning and contribute to the students’ development and knowledge. The special area subjects provide opportunities for students to demonstrate their special talents and skills in these areas:


  • Explore different media and techniques
  • Express feelings, thoughts, and experiences (focusing on imagination and individual interpretation of subjects)
  • Mix colors and learning how to achieve subtle refinements (lighten, darken, intensify, make color warm, cool, etc.)
  • Use the elements and principles of design
  • Learn career choices in the arts
  • Develop an appreciation for art
  • Recognize the styles of particular artists and periods of history
  • Understand the cultural dimensions and contributions
  • Practice good work habits and organizational skills
  • Use a variety of art media (selecting materials best suited for a desired effect)
  • Respond to and analyze works of art
  • Expand art vocabulary


  • Performance skills
  • Music Reading:
    • More complex notation
    • Writing music
  • Theater:
    • Exposure to a variety of musical plays
    • Following music and libretto
  • Orff Instruments
    • Continuation of techniques
    • More complex accompaniments
  • Singing:
    • Variety of songs
    • Continuation of good singing habits
  • Elements of Music:
    • Continuation of rhythm, tempo, dynamics, melody, harmony, form
  • Listening:
    • Continue good listening skills
    • Music appreciation


  • Skills (stressing form, control, moving targets, stationary targets, and accuracy)
    - Throwing - Catching - Batting
    - Dribbling - Kicking (student pitching)
  • Physical Activities :
    • Strategies (Refine offense/defense patterns, teach specific rules games, allow students to officiate and reinforce standards of cooperative behavior)
    • Rhythm and Dance (Emphasize social dynamics, advanced level dances, complex foot patterns and rhythms)
  • Physical Fitness:
    • Health Related Fitness/Wellness (Students establish pulse/respiration measures of exercise, refine cool down/warm up exercises, identify muscular skeletal form, stretch and strengthen muscles through physical activities)
    • Personal Goals (Personal programs to improve cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, muscular strength, endurance, and body composition; evaluate program for fitness)
    • Sportsmanship (Accommodates individuals with different skill and development levels)
  • Community Resources:( Identify resources available within the community and county to engage in physical activity)


The students in the Franklin Square Schools have access to computers both in the computer lab, and in their own classrooms. In the 6th grade, the students are provided with opportunities to apply the knowledge they have learned about ancient civilizations to develop their own ideas in a computer project. The following computer skills will be developed:

  • Integrating graphics
  • Creating a multimedia presentation of researched information
  • Incorporating scanned images
  • Utilizing sound clips to enhance presentations


When the sixth grade students visit the school library media center, the following skills will be stressed:

  • Practicing library procedures
  • Selecting books for classroom projects
  • Learning the format of a bibliography
  • Using the Dewey Decimal System
  • Practicing card catalog skills with an emphasis on annotation and cross referencing
  • Recognizing the Reader’s Guide to Periodic Literature
  • Using periodicals for current information
  • Increasing reference skills to include an almanac, a biographical dictionary, an atlas, the Thesaurus, special encyclopedias, CD-ROM, and on-line sources
  • Using independent research skills
  • Engaging in various literary forms ( folklore, realistic fiction, and biography, mythology, adventure )
  • Celebrating holidays and themes through literature
  • Using computers and other state-of-the-art technology within the library program
  • Using multi-media materials (videos, filmstrips, and audio-cassettes) for literature and pleasure
  • Developing an appreciation of literature and a love for reading
  • Preparing for Junior High School Media Center
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